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Salzkammergut – Austria in miniature

© by Österreich Werbung, Foto: Tom Lamm

The Salzkammergut holiday region is almost a miniature Austria, where you will find the best the country has to offer; lakes, mountains, historic towns and cultural landscapes where people keep old traditions alive.

The contrasts in the Salzkammergut region are large. Not only because the landscape alternates between massive mountain ranges, glaciers, lush valleys and a plethora of lakes. But also, because the region offers a rich cultural landscape that has been characterized by more than 5,000 years of human activity. The Salzkammergut holiday region covers 58 municipalities in three states (Salzburg, Upper Austria and Styria). The region differs most from other parts of Austria by its 76 large and small lakes.

The lakes

The 4 largest lakes Attersee, Traunsee, Mondsee and Wolfgangsee all have their peculiarities. Which they have received either from nature or from the people living by the lakes. The most famous lake, Hallstätter See, has primarily gained its celebrity status due to picturesque Hallstatt, which is a UNESCO world heritage site. Still, the Hallstätter See is a dark blue jewel that should also be enjoyed both on the water and from some of the viewing platforms around the lake. Notwithstanding, one of my favourites in this lake landscape is Almsee. The little lake is a little secluded and sandwiched between the high mountains in Almtal. Unlike the much larger, more famous and busy lakes, Almsee offers you far fewer tourists and much calmer conditions. Altaussse and Grundlsee in Styria are two lovely alpine lakes that are perfect for hiking and swimming in the summer.

< Click on the images to enlarge >

Picturesque alpine scenery

Most of the Salzkammergut is located in the Alps and the highest peaks can be found where SalzburgerLand, Upper Austria and Styria meet – on the Dachstein massif. You have spectacular views of the surrounding alpine landscape. The best 360 ° views can be found at 1783 meters high Schafberg. From Schafberg you can see not only Mondsee, Attersee and Wolfgangsee from the peak, but also another 10 of the Salzkammergut’s countless lakes. For those who are not comfortable with hights, there is the Zwölferhorn at 1521 meters, reachable by cable car. This a good starting point for hiking in the mountains. The entire Salzkammergut is inundated with hiking trails and climbing paths of all difficulty levels.

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Historic towns and villages

Most towns and villages in Salzkammergut can write their history far back in time. We do not have room for everyone on this site but have highlighted some of them. St. Wolfgang at the foot of Schafberg and on the banks of the Wolfgangsee, gained a prominent place in history when the first church was built in 1183 AD. Since that time, pilgrims have made their pilgrimage to St. Wolfgang. Tourism gained force slowly but surely when a steamship began to traffic the Wolfgangsee, and more so when the Schafbergbahn was built in 1872-1873. Bad Ischl is today best known as the health resort and hunting lodge of Emperor Franz Josef. The Emperor actually declared war from his summer residence in Bad Ischl on Serbia in 1914, which is seen as the start of the First World War.

The cultural landscape

In the mountains above Hallstatt, humans began to make their mark on the landscape through the extraction of salt (hence the name Salzkammergut) even before the Iron Age. Archaeological finds from 5000 BC. show that there has been human activity in the area for more than 7,000 years. The whole region is also strewn with picturesque but vibrant villages, surrounded by agricultural areas and small towns that have retained much of their original architecture that dates back to the Middle Ages.

For more info: Salzkammergut Tourism

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Written by Arnold Weisz

Arnold Weisz

Globetrotting multilingual communications specialist born in Vienna, Austria – with passion for scuba diving, golf and culinary delights! 15 years of experience as a scuba- and travel reporter for among others: X-Ray Dive Magazine and Dykking.