Burgenland, Austria’s easternmost state, has a different flair to it. While Austria is primarily a mountainous country, Burgenland is dominated by vast plains and undulating hills.
Burgenland is the only state in Austria that has not got a slice of the Alps. Compared to its neighbours, which have plenty of peaks well above 2000 metres, the state’s highest point is flimsy 884 metres above sea-level. At first glance, the state might not seem to be as interesting as the rest of Austria. Nonetheless, even though it doesn’t have some of the dramatic natural features as other parts of Austria, the state has plenty of sights, sounds and unique characteristics.
Youngest in the country
Burgenland is the latest addition to the Republic of Austria, which was incorporated only in 1921. From 1648 until 1918, the region was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (the other half of the Habsburg Empire). The state is a result of the chaos and political meddling after World War I. As the winners of the war broke up the once-mighty Austro-Hungarian Empire and created modern Austria, Burgenland was added to the new republic. Consequently, the three years following the end of the war in 1918, were marred by violent conflict. Sadly, this made the Austrians and Hungarians fight over the narrow sliver of land between the two newly created countries. Nevertheless, this animosity has long disappeared and today the neighbours live together in close contact.
Burgenland is known for its mild climate, and has on average more than 2000 sun-hours per year. Moreover, warm and sunny summers make Burgenland a popular travel destination. The mild climate and flat low-lying landscape makes the state perfect for agriculture and wine-growing. Austria’s lowest point at only 114 metres (374 ft) above sea level, is located near Apetlon, between the Lake Neusiedler (Neusiedlersee) and the Hungarian border. This in contrast to the country’s highest mountain, the Grossglockner at 3798 metres (12.460 ft). However, moving further south and the flat plains transform into hills. Burgenland occupies an irregular sliver of land. At its widest it is 62 km (38 mi) and only 5 km (3.1 mi) at its narrowest. The long and narrow state can be divided into three unique regions, that all have different attractions.
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Lake Neusiedl (North Burgenland)
The northern part of Burgenland is dominated by Austria’s largest lake, the Neusiedlersee, of which the southern most part belongs to Hungary. Around the lake you find idyllic villages, vineyards and farms. Burgenland’s state capital, Eisenstadt, is rich on cultural heritage. Besides, apart from the recreational use of the lakeshore, you can enjoy operetta’s and musicals at the lakeside Seefestspiele Mörbisch. The picturesque village of Rust takes pride not only in its vineyards, but also on the numerous Storks that can be seen nesting on rooftops all over the village. Together with Forchtenstein Castle, a magnificent late middle age castle belonging to the Esterházy family , these are just a few examples of great sights in Burgenland.
This region is a favourite of music lovers. Franz Liszt was born in Raiding and his birth town is just one of many places that hold music and cultural events in Burgenland. Being the hilliest part of Burgenland, this is also where you find most of the castles. The 884 m (2900 ft) Geschriebenstein on the border to Hungary and the region South Burgenland is the highest point of the state. Although the state’s name does not refer directly to castles (Burgen – land), but to four towns that ended on -Burg, you can find several fine mediaeval castles in Middle Burgenland. Burg Lockenhaus, Burg Lackenbach, Burg Kobersdorf and Burg Deutschkreutz are just a few of those well worth a visit. Just like its neighbour to the north, the central part of Burgenland also has a large wine industry, covering 2,100 hectares. Hence, wine tasting and wine festivals should be on your itinerary when visiting this part of the state. Nonehteless, moving further to the south, the landscape changes character again and so do the main attractions.
The region is well known for its Spa-towns and thermal baths. Moreover, the landscape is also slightly hillier than the rest of the state. Hence, the regions wandering- and biking trails leads you around an intriguing landscape, a mix of forests and farmland. There are also some small wine regions in South Burgenland. As a matter of fact, the village of Heiligenbrunn not only stands out as the centre for production of the characteristic Uhudler wine, but also for the preservation of cellar houses from the 17th and 18th century. Small whitewashed houses with thatched roofs make up the village and are unique in Austria. Furthermore, you are right in the borderlands of Hungary and Slovenia, which ads a distinct feel to it. And there are still pockets of Croatian and Hungarian speaking minorities in the region.
The small village of Heiligenbrunn in Burgenland is located in the transition between the rolling hills that characterize the south-eastern Austria and the vast plains that dominates western Hungary. Forests and vineyards dominate the landscape around Heiligenbrunn. Also the architectural traditions in this part of Austria differ greatly from the well known Tyrolean style houses […]
Southern Burgenland does not feature the same dramatic landscapes as the rest of Austria, where the Alps dominate. This in no way detracts from the region’s charm. Furthermore, the mixture of oak and beech forests, rolling hills and open cultural landscapes as well as a unique culture makes this part of Austria an interesting destination. […]