Its many lovely lakes draw the bulk of tourists to Carinthia. However, Austria’s southernmost state also has excellent winter sport regions.
The warm climate, predominantly influenced by the Adriatic and Mediterranean, raises air and water temperatures in the state to very pleasant levels during the summer. Even though not belonging to the natural flora in Austria, you should not be surprised if you see palm trees along water fronts or in parks in Carinthia.
In the ball park of 70 % of the tourists that visit Carinthia, breeze in during the summer months. Not solely, but primarily attracted to the state’s lovely lakes. You will not find a defined lake district, as the lakes are spread out. Notwithstanding, choosing which ones to visit can be difficult, since they all have their own appeal. From the largest, Wörthersee to one of the smallest such as Tigringer See, they are all great bathing lakes. Furthermore, you can spend time on the water on cruise boats or renting your own. Many of them also offer water sports and scuba diving. Or simply find a tranquil spot, relax and enjoy the scenery.
Carinthia’s lakes come with the Alps as a splendid backdrop. Whereas the Klagenfurt basin low lands, that take up about one-fifth of the state, Carinthia is dominated by mountains. Except for on the main Alpine ridge in the north west, there are not as many ski slopes in the state, as compared Tyrol or SalzburgerLand. Plenty of sunshine and warmer weather tends to melt to the snow earlier in this part of Austria. Nevertheless, there are plenty of slopes where you can unfold on snow.
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Despite being relatively mountainous, the roughly rectangular shape of Carinthia, makes getting around fairly easy. The state (between the tiny US states of Delaware and Connecticut in size) stretches about 180 km (110 mi) in east-west and 70 km (43 mi) in north-south direction. Hence, you can visit many of its different regions without wasting too much time on travel. Via roads and rail lines radiating from the state capital Klagenfurt, that also has an airport, you can reach most parts within a couple of hours.
The state capital has only about 100.000 inhabitants. Thus, Klagenfurt is too big to be a town, but on other hand it doesn’t really have a big city feel to it either. Its suburbs stretch out in all directions, and reaches the shores of lake Wörth (Wörthersee). Thus, Klagenfurt can boast of having one of Europa’s largest fresh water bathing beaches. After a day on by the water, head inland to the centre of town. Klagenfurt has a small but interesting historical centre. The basics of the almost square lay-out and the rectangular streets of the old town stems from the 15th century. After a fire destroyed most of the town in 1514, it was rebuilt with a defensive wall and moat (Stadtgraben).
Rome to Austria
After the decline of the Roman Empire, the lands situated within the modern state Carinthia were divided between Germanic tribes and Slavic tribes. Carinthia had a long stint as a Duchy that started in 889 AD. First as part of the Holy Roman Empire, and between 1335 and 1918 as part of the Austrian Empire. In the same manner, as other parts of Austria, lands that before the Treaty of Saint-Germain, belonged to Carinthia, were annexed by its neighbours. As part of the post WWI peace settlement, 445 km² (172 mi²) became part of Italy, and 331 km2 (128 mi²) ended up in the newly established Yugoslavia.
As a consequence of a turbulent history and changing borders, Carinthia’s population is made up by fair share of nationalities than Austrian. 2.5 % of the state’s population have Slovenian as their native language. Travelling in the southern part of Carinthia, near the Slovenian border most road signs are bi-lingual, German and Slovenian. Nonetheless, Carinthia is no less Austrian because of its multiethnicity. You will still get Wienerschnitzel and Apfelstrudel everywhere in the state.
For more info, check out Carinthia’s (Kärnten) Tourism website.